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Hypnotechs - Frequently Asked Questions

Recreation therapy means the use of recreational, and/or community activities to include leisure counseling and community integration as treatment intervention to improve functional leisure and community competence of persons with a physical, cognitive, emotional, behavioral, or social disability.

In addition to being a licensed Hypnotherapist (HP60794159) in the State of Washington, I am a Licensed Recreational Therapist (RE60916468).

Let’s start with what the state says that means:

Recreation therapy means the use of recreational, and/or community activities to include leisure counseling and community integration as treatment intervention to improve functional leisure and community competence of persons with a physical, cognitive, emotional, behavioral, or social disability.


The primary purpose of recreation therapy is the use of leisure and community integration activities to restore, remediate, or rehabilitate persons in order to improve functioning and independence, as well as reduce or eliminate the effects of illness or disability.

The occupation of Recreational Therapist is rapidly growing and it has four major approaches and eight domains:

  • Recreation services: Providing recreation services to people with disabilities for experiencing leisure and its benefits, often this takes a rehabilitation tone in approach for helping clients to reach an optimal level of health and well-being.
  • Therapeutic approach: The purpose of this approach is curative in nature. It attempts to lessen and ameliorate the effects of illness’ and disabilities, it also can be prescriptive for improving certain functional capacities.
  • Umbrella or combined approach: Use of recreation as a subjective continuation of enjoyable activities as well as a recreation service for bringing purposeful change.
  • Leisure ability approach: An approach that operates leisure activities therapeutically and engages the clients fully for participation with good dissemination on the benefits of structured leisure/ leisure awareness education.

Eight domains of leisure are: leisure awareness, leisure attitudes, leisure skills, community integration skills, community participation, cultural and social behaviors, interpersonal skills.

In my practice, I utilize the therapeutic approach to Recreational Therapy, as well as the domains of community integration skills, community participation, cultural and social behaviors, and interpersonal skills.  I use Recreational Therapy as a supplemental therapy to the Hypnosis and Behavioral Therapy that I use heavily. I know there are Certified Recreational Therapists out there who have probably forgotten more than I will ever know on the subject and I don’t claim to have their level of knowledge on how to get the most out of this modality.

None the less, I use Recreational Therapist techniques in my practice and there is a lot of overlap with what I do, so having the license makes sense so I keep it all legal and don’t step on any toes.

I like Altoids and almost always have a tin of them around my office. Usually, when I want one, I will offer one to whoever is with me in the office as well.

“Do I need one? Is my breath bad? Are you trying to tell me something subtly or not so subtly?”

Sorry… No, I don’t mean anything by it. I like Altoids and almost always have a tin of them around my office. Usually, when I want one, I will offer one to whoever is with me in the office as well.

Please don’t read anything more into it. When I offer, take one, don’t take one, no matter to me. If you see them sitting out, you may have one, you don’t even have to ask.

Grief and loss are intertwined with trauma and anxiety, both of which can be addressed with hypnosis. Hypnosis can help to stop the spinning, falling, out of control feeling and to begin to restore some semblance of order to a mind on overload. From there, healing can begin.

I do. Grief and loss are intertwined with trauma and anxiety, both of which can be addressed with hypnosis.

The loss of a close friend, a child, spouse or another family member can one of the toughest things we will ever face. We may be well aware of the inevitability of death and to speak in terms of it “being part of life”, but when it happens to someone close to us, there is just no way to be prepared.

Hypnosis can help to stop the spinning, falling, out of control feeling and to begin to restore some semblance of order to a mind on overload. From there, healing can begin.

I see most clients at the Hypnotechs office in Duvall, but I am open to meeting elsewhere or even making a “house call” if the situation warrants it.

Before I opened the office in Duvall, I saw clients by subletting space from a massage therapist and by making house calls. Most clients now come to see me at the office, but I am open to other options.

If you are interested in meeting me somewhere or in me coming to you, I am open to discussion about that. Of course, I will need to charge for travel time and the like, so the session will ultimately be more expensive than a visit to the Hypnotechs office. Please contact me and let’s see if we can find an arrangement that works for both of us.

You can contact me via my Contact Page.

And just for fun, this page has a picture of one of the places I regularly met a client when I was first getting started.


Unfortunately no.

Some situations require that we decline to work with certain people from time to time. Those reasons may include, but are not limited to:

  • A required but missing physician or mental health provider referral.
  • A declined referral request from a physician or mental health provider.
  • The opinion of your hypnotherapist is that you are not a good candidate for hypnosis.
  • The opinion of your hypnotherapist is that you are not a good match for Hypnotechs.

If you have any doubt, please contact us to discuss your situation before booking.

If during your first appointment it is determined that we will not be able to accept you as a new client, your payment will be refunded in full and subsequent sessions canceled.

Unfortunately, we must reserve the right to refuse or discontinue service at any time, at our sole discretion.

Yes! Almost always.

If new client introductory appointments are available for you to book, then we are glad to have you!

Of course!

As a rule, I teach my clients self-hypnosis after a couple of sessions. But that is just a timeline I have found to be particularly effective. If you don’t need to work on anything specific and want to learn right away, I am completely okay with that.


Depending upon the subject matter of your hypnotherapy, we may ask to coordinate with your doctor or mental health professional.

For some types of hypnotherapy, you may be asked to allow Hypnotechs to contact your medical doctor, mental health professional, personal trainer, nutritionist, dietician or other providers to coordinate services. This request will be made in writing and will list specifically who is covered by the agreement. You may decline this request or revoke it in writing at any time.

I record sessions so that I can review the recordings as session notes.

All recordings are completely confidential and subject to the same confidentiality guidelines as all other client materials.

I tend to use Kappasinian “Emotional & Physical” assessments as well as inductions, especially for the first session. Beyond that, I lean heavily into Ericksonian methods, but I am happy to choose, a la carte, as needed to ensure you respond as well as is possible.

There’s no “right” kind of hypnotherapy, except the one that works.

As a rule, I schedule first sessions to be 90 minutes and subsequent sessions 60 minutes, but those times can be adjusted as needed.

For the first 30 minutes or so of the first session, we go over the paperwork that is required by Washington State, answering any questions you may have along the way and getting your signature on my copy, stating that we have gone over the paperwork together. Washington requires that we do this so that you know who I am, what I can do and what the rules area about hypnosis, hypnotherapy, and therapy are in this state. If you want, you can get a head start on learning that by reading the “disclosure” form in my forms library.

The next 30 minutes, we will talk about the Kappasinian “Theory of Mind” and how it relates to you. We will talk a bit about the history of hypnosis and hypnotherapy and we will discuss what you can expect to experience.  I will also likely ask you to answer some questions that will help me determine how your mind reacts to different types of suggestions so that I fine tune my approach to work the best for you. Finally, I may ask you to visualize a few different scenes to further adjust my approach.

In the final half-hour, I will perform an induction that is designed to work with the way your imagination works. Inductions are how the hypnotic state is entered and there are hundreds of ways they can be tailored to better match an individual. Once you are “in state”, I will show you around a bit, have you experience and visualize a few things I think you might enjoy, then get down to the business at hand.

You may remember nothing, some stuff or everything from the session. That varies from person to person, but I am more than happy to summarize the session as we close.

Afterward, you will likely feel really relaxed, more so than you may have in a very long time. Some people state that colors are a little brighter and most people notice that the “chatter” in their heads is greatly reduced, leaving a more focused feeling.

One thing to note: After a first session, most people are uncertain if they were really hypnotized or not. This is normal too and is because the hypnotic experience is not what most people were expecting. They weren’t unconscious, didn’t lose control and weren’t unaware of their surroundings. Don’t worry, in subsequent sessions, you will know what to expect and will get better at maximizing the effect.

We understand that things happen. However, we must request at least 24-hours notice that you need to cancel or reschedule. If you cancel with less than 24-hours notice and we unable to rebook your timeslot, we reserve the right to charge you for the session.

We also request that you be on time for your sessions. If you arrive late, there may not be enough time for your session and we may be forced to apply the cancellation policy.

That’s fine.

Sometimes you just want to try something. I get it. We still have to do all the required paperwork, but if you don’t have anything specific to work on that’s completely okay. I can demonstrate some hypnotic phenomenon, show you what real focus feels like and send you away to sleep like a baby that night.

You must ALWAYS follow the advice of your doctor. Hypnotherapy is considered to be an “adjunct” therapy. That is, it is designed to complement the services of your doctor or mental health advisor, not overrule them.

If you become aware of a conflict, inform me right away so that I can correct my approach to better align with the wishes of your doctor or even ask to speak with your doctor to make sure we are “on the same page”.

The instructions of a medical doctor or mental health professional must always override those of your hypnotherapist, up to and including the discontinuation of the use of hypnosis.

“Non sum qualis eram”; it’s become sort of a tag line for Hypnotechs. It’s taken from this line from Horace’s Odes, Book 4, 1:

“Non sum qualis eram bonae sub regno Cynarae”

Which means: “I am not as I was in the reign of good Cinara.”

Shortened to “Non sum qualis eram”, it translates to “I am not what I once was.” It’s fitting on several levels, I am not who I used to be, I’ve changed a lot over the years. But it also applies to anyone seeking to use hypnosis for change. Once you try hypnosis to change something you have been wanting to change, you will no longer be who you used to be either.

The cost per session may vary with the length of the session, the number of sessions needed and the nature of the material to be covered.

Current pricing is provided on my booking page.

All ongoing costs will be discussed with you on an individual basis, up front, in your first session.

Payment is due at the time of each session unless other arrangements have been made in advance.

Most of my clients pay in advance using my booking system to get the best possible price. It accepts all major credit cards using processing by Square.


Payment is due at the time of service unless we have made other arrangements, like a pre-paid package deal for a fixed number of sessions. I do that from time to time for things like smoking cessation or weight loss where I know that several sessions are going to be required, but in most cases, it’s payment at the time of service.

I accept cash, check and pretty much every major credit card you may have.

That is a great question and probably the most important one in this FAQ.

There’s a lot of people out there claiming to be “hypnotherapists”. In Washington, the Department of Health has some very specific rules about who can use that title, but in most states, it’s completely unregulated.

I recommend you view two pages on this site:

Choosing a Hypnotherapist and

Education and Credentials

Actually, I do.

I really like the mechanism provided by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). It’s made up of four designators, with two possibilities for each, for a total of 16 different personality types possible. To us MBTI, you only need to answer four questions about someone to estimate their “type”. It’s easy enough to use and once you have a good idea of type, a lot about tendencies to expect for a person can be known. Of course, that is just to estimate what someone else may be, the actual self-test is A LOT more questions.

I am an MBTI “ENTJ”.

I am not as big a fan of the Enneagram, but many people like it as much or more than MBTI and use it to compliment MBTI.

I am an Enneagram “8w7”.

Finally, in a work environment, it would be so much easier if everyone just walked around with a FIRO-B sign indicating their type. I LOVE this instrument and if I have to recommend just one to a business, this is it.

Here’s my FIRO-B:



I do not.

I’ll be honest with you, I looked into it, briefly and it looked like a mountain of paperwork, especially with the changing insurance landscape these days. Maybe there’s an easy way to do it and I will figure that out down the road.

But for now, it’s cash, check and pretty much every major card you might carry.

As a certified and registered hypnotherapist in the State of Washington, it is possible that there is a way for you to submit my receipts for reimbursement by your insurance, but I don’t have any information on how to do that.

I do not.

I know that many now offer an online version of hypnotherapy, but I find that I have the greatest success with old-fashioned person-to-person contact.

I’m trained in body language, micro-expressions and more and I find that having my client right there in the room with me provides the best experience and results. Online is not the hypnotherapy experience I would want to receive, so I don’t offer it to my clients either.

On top of that, I worry about poor connection quality and getting disconnected as well.

Recently questions about what the rules are in various jurisdictions and whether the jurisdiction I am in or the one the distant client is in is the one that matters have arisen, that make me even more skeptical of online hypnotherapy.

No. Neither do most other healthcare providers. Your trainer won’t, your weight loss advisor won’t and so on.

In hypnosis, I play a navigator role. I call out directions and if you want to get where we are going, you follow them. I’m good at giving directions that follow a route that you will approve of. But if you choose not to follow my directions, I simply can’t guarantee where you are going to end up.

This doesn’t apply so much to session work, done while we are together, but virtually every type of hypnotherapy comes with homework. For example; If I recommend that you keep a regular bedtime to assist with sleep improvement and stress reduction, then you work on your laptop in bed until the wee hours of the morning, I can’t promise results.

With that said, I have really good success rates and the odds are that if I accept you as a client, it’s because I am confident I can help you meet your goals and I believe you are going to do the work. I generally have a client waiting list and can’t take clients I don’t expect to succeed.

I WANT you to succeed and I will work with you to make it happen. I will even fire you as a client if I sense that you aren’t doing your part. But I can’t offer a “money back guarantee” like a retail store.

The one exception would be if for some reason I could not get you to go into trance during our first session. I would, of course, refund your money, since I had not done my part. THAT HAS NOT HAPPENED YET.

No. Washington prohibits diagnosis and psychotherapy by hypnotherapists.

As a hypnotherapist, I am NOT credentialed to diagnose mental disorders or to conduct psychotherapy as defined in WAC 246-810-010.

“Psychotherapy” means the practice of counseling using diagnosis of mental disorders according to the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), and the development of treatment plans for counseling based on diagnosis of mental disorders in accordance with established practice standards.”

I can refer you out if needed, but these things are not particularly useful in the practice of Subconscious Behaviorism or Hypnotherapy anyway.

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